The national park of Nanda Devi is situated on the peak of the Nanda Devi at an elevation of 7,817 meters within Uttarakhand state in north India. It was put in place in the year 1982 together with the Valley of Flowers National Park. The park of Nanda Devi has been described as a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO since the year 1988. The Nanda Devi National Park covers an estimated area of six hundred and thirty square kilometers. The two parks of Nanda Devi and the valley of Flowers are encircled by a buffer area of 5,148.57 kilometers squared. The Reserve has been part of UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves from the year 2004.
The sanctuary can be grouped into two major portions: the Outer and the Inner parts. The two are enclosed by the major Sanctuary perimeter wall that assumes a rough square outline. On the southern, eastern and northern sides of the Nanda Devi National Park, are continuous, high ridges. The Rishi Ganga Gorge drains the Sanctuary to the western side. The inner portion of this sanctuary takes up almost two thirds of the entire sanctuary on the eastern side while the Outer part of the Sanctuary takes of the remaining third of the sanctuary on the western side. The two pats are separated by the high ridges through which river Rishi Ganga flow. The first human beings to get into the inner portion of the sanctuary were H. W. Tilman and Eric Shipton in the year 1934. The two accessed the inner sanctuary through the Rishi Gorge.
The core zone and the adjacent buffer zone were established by the Nanda Devi national park in the year1988. The establishment came so as to form a Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve of 2,237 kilometers squared as stipulated in the MAB programme of the UNESCO. The MAB programme was later modified in the year 2000 so as to include an area of 5860 square kilometers, including the Valley of Flowers national park. The Valley of Flowers national park was to form the core zone. The Nanda Devi National Park was declared a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO in the year 1988 while the valley of Flowers national park was declared in the year 2004.
The Nanda Devi is one of the best tourist destinations in the country of India. Some of the crowd drawers in this region include:
The vast stretch of the Nanda Devi National Park and the valley of Flowers national park are a home to a wide variety of scarce and bizarre wildlife species. The national park of Nanda Devi is conveniently positioned between the Himalaya ranges that are covered by snow. The park offers a beautiful blend of Mother Nature and wildlife. The rich Nanda Devi biosphere diversity consists of numerous exotic Himalayan Plants species and endangered animals. Some of the scarce species like the Asiatic black bear, snow leopard, brown bear and the blue sheep can be viewed from this park. The park is made more gorgeous by the overwhelming alpine orchard paddocks and the grand sceneries. The park boasts of a wide assortment of diverse flora some of which are of high medicinal value. To add on to the attractiveness of the Nanda Devi National Park is the Western Himalayas Endemic Bird region ambiance. A number of the most endangered species of birds are found in this region. The Nanda Devi National Park is a fraction of Himalaya Biographical Zone. It was recently acclaimed into the national park state in 1982. The rich floral cover of the park is composed of birch, Site, juniper and rhododendron. The chief tourist attraction in the park include: the Brown Bear, Common Langur, Goral, Bharal, the Himalayan Tahr, Himalayan Musk, the Himalayan Black Bear, snow leopard, Serow and the Indian Leopard. The park of Nanda Devi is also home to avifauna life like: Rose Finches, Grosbeaks, Warblers and Ruby Throat. On top of these, the tourists can also engage in other activities in the park like nature walks and wildlife safaris in the company of a forest officer.
Nanda Devi is a well known site for trekking. The place is a must visit destination for the trekking enthusiasts. The trek that covers a distance of two thousand two hundred and ninety meters starts from Munsyari. Munsyari is a major water body in Goriganga. The trek offers those involved a grand view of the Panchchuli range peaks. The trek goes through a number of villages including Rilkot and Martoli, through the minute traditional bazaars and through the open valleys. This makes the trek an unforgettable experience for those involved. While on this trek, one can also enjoy the view of the Martoli village within Jauher valley. The village has houses that are at least one hundred and fifty years old. The houses are the existing representative of the Indo Tibetan trade history. In addition to these, the fauna as well as the flora add on to the thrill of the trek. Since the treks happen to be very long, those participating in them are advised to maintain enough supply of comfortable shoes, essential camping goods and appropriate clothes.
The Nanda Devi Trek can be described as a Trans Himalayan trekking adventure. It starts at Munsyari and goes up the river gorge of Gori Ganga. This gorge is the boundary between Nanda Devi group and the Panch Chulli group. The earlier stages of this trek go through the Himalayan ridges towards the gentler Trans Himalayan area. A steady five days walk takes one to the Pachu at an elevation of three thousand, nine hundred and fifty meters. Pachu is the base camp place in Nanda Devi east. The return journey to the Wayfarer Mountain Resort in Munsyari is usually covered in a period of four days.
Nanda Devi Glacier
The Nanda Devi biosphere reserve is not only famous for the wildlife but also for the Nanda Devi Glacier. The group of glaciers is located on the River catchment of Rishi Ganga. The two glaciers are: the Nanda Devi south and the Nanda Devi north. The two are separated by a distance of about nineteen kilometers. The two glaciers that have their origin on the peak of Nanda Devi are centers of interest among many tourists to this place. The streams that originate from these glaciers drain into the Rishi Ganga River. Apart from these glaciers, the tourists can also take a look at the nearby places like: Joshimath, Badrinath, Joshimath and the Valley of Flowers. The most appropriate time to tour this place is between the months of April and November. Other key glaciers in the region are: Kurumtoli, Trishul, Ramani, Bartoli and Nandakna glaciers. All the glaciers are of large size and are fully developed with a number of streams draining their melt water. The streams drain in to the Rishi Ganga River with the later draining into the Dhauli Ganga. The glaciers are accessible from Joshimath close to the Malari road. The final road head is at a distance of twenty five kilometers from Joshimath. After one follows a bridge path that goes through the dense forest to Lata Kharak from where the path goes through steep slopes, narrow gorges and at times snow patches to get to the glaciers snout.
In close proximity to the Nanda Devi National Park is the exclusive pilgrim centre of Hemkund Sahib. The pilgrim center is regularly visited by the Sikhs as well as the Hindus. The Hemkund Sahib is well endowed with a religious tolerance tradition. It is elevated at an altitude of four thousand three hundred and twenty nine meters above the sea level. The Sikh Gurudwara and the Lakshman temple are found in the Hemkund Lake. A common believe associated with this place is that Lakshman and the guru Gobind Singh meditated while on the banks of the river. The pilgrim centre mirror a peaceful coexistence of different faiths in this place. People from varied denominations converge here to pay their respect to Hemkund or Lokpal. The lake of Hemkund is encircled by seven mountains that are covered by snow and their allied glaciers. The Hemkunt Sahib is well known because of the worship place of the Sikh referred to as Gurudwara Sri Hemkunt Sahib Ji that has been dedicated to Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Guru Gobind Singh Ji was the tenth Sikh Guru.
Official Website: Hemkund Sahib
Nanda Devi Temple
The temple of Nanda Devi is a well known sacred location situated in Almora. Since the Nanda Devi temple is of grief religious significance, it is considered one of the holly places within the Kumaoni region. The temple is more than a thousand years old since its history dates back to more than a thousand years ago. The temple is dedicated to the Chand Dynasty’s patron Goddess. The temple was constructed using the Kumaoni architectural style. The temple was put up in the Shiva Temple antechamber. The shrine is ornamented using the stone amalaka crown which is encircled by a wooden roof. An attractive art of the stone is vivid on the wall decorations of this shrine. The Nanda Devi Fair that takes place in this temple annually in the month of September draws a large number of people from all corners of the country and the world at large.
Resorts in Nanda Devi National Park
There are a number of accommodation options within the surrounding of the Nanda Devi National Park. The guests to this place have the freedom to choose between the various categories of hotels and guest houses depending on their requirements and budget. Some of the hotels that are close to this park are:
GMVN Tourist Bungalow Ghangaria
The GMVN Tourist Bungalow has its location in Ghangaria. The Bungalow was launched for business in the year 1974. The GMVN Tourist Bungalow is located at a distance of two hundred and eighty kilometers from the nearby airport, the Jolly Grand Airport. The Bungalow is at an estimated distance of twenty kilometers from the closest railhead, the Rishikesh Railway Station. The hotel premise is at a distance of three kilometers from the Valley of Flowers national park and a distance of five kilometers from the Lake of Hemkund. The accommodation fee in this hotel ranges from Rs. 1500 to Rs. 1800. The GMVN Tourist Bungalow has a total of five rooms all of which are deluxe rooms. Within the hotel compound, the guests can have access to an in house restaurant that is purely vegetarian. The facilities found in the rooms are: supply of hot water, ISD facility and room service. Guests can also enjoy other amenities like: on call Doctor and sightseeing packages.
Cliff top Club
The Cliff top Club is one of the luxurious ski resorts within the surrounding of the Nanda Devi National Park. It is situated in Garhwal Himalayas in Uttaranchal state Indian. The resort is elevated at an altitude of ten thousand feet above the sea level. It is the second resort in the world with regards to the height of its location. It happens to be the only skiing resort within the region of Asia that is situated next to a ski slope. The Cliff top Club has once hosted the National Winter Games. The resort is now being prepared for SAF Winter Games that will take place next year. It will also bid for Winter Asiad that will take place in the year 2018. According to a research by the Alpine Tourism Promotion Council (ATPC), the Auli slopes have been equated to the world’s best. The ATPC is the original governing body of winter sports worldwide.
Official Website: Cliff top Club
The Chardham Camps
The camps of Chardham were established in the year 2003. It was the Chardham Camps who introduced the idea of integrated pilgrimage luxury tour within a market without compromising on the quality of services rendered. Within these Camps, luxurious accommodation is offered within Swiss cottage tents. For the first time in the Chardham Circuit, the showers and baths are attached to the cottage tents. The level of hospitality in these Camps goes beyond comfortable and hygienic accommodation. The guests are given the opportunity to decide how they would like their holiday to be like. In addition to that, they are also given a variety of local heritage and culture and a horde of activities to select from. Some of the options that are presented to them include: Kirtan and Bhajan, Evening Arti conducted by the Local Priest, Bonfire every evening, Guided trek to the Harsil, a trek in Tungnath and a Visit to Chopta among other activities.
Official Website: The Chardham Camps
Kausani Village Resort
The Village Resort of Kausani is situated along the Baijnath Road at a distance of twelve kilometers from Kausani. The distance from the railway station at Kathgodam to this resort is one hundred and twenty kilometers. The resort is comprised of Wooden Cottages, Duplex Cottages, Standard Cottages and Machaan houses. The facilities across all the categories of accommodation are similar. The Wooden Cottages and the Standard rooms are single room having a table, two chairs, a bed as well as a full length mirror. The bathrooms are equipped with shampoo and soap. The wooden cottages have wooden walls and ceilings while the Standard Cottages have thatched roofs and bamboo walls. On the other hand, the Machan happens to be a two storied cottage having a bed on the upper floor and a seating area within the ground floor. Duplex rooms in the resort have two beds but lack a definite seating arrangement. It is therefore appropriate for families.
Narayana Palace Resort and spa
The Narayana Palace Resort and spa is situated in Tapovan Rishikesh. Owing to its modern architecture and contemporary styling, the resort is very distinct. The distance between the resort and the city of Delhi is two hundred and seventy kilometers via the BadrinathHighwa. The resort is designed in such a way that it gives guests the best panoramic view of the Ganges. The resort has its own water which is tapped from a spring. The distance to river Ganges banks is just a five minutes walk. The hotel is a comfortable place to stay in for those touring the Nanda Devi National Park. Some of the modern facilities offered in the Narayana Palace Resort and are: a swimming pool, travel desk, cable television, telephone, car rental and attached bathroom, modern fittings, on call doctor, ample parking space, room service, a multi cuisine restaurant and rooms that are air conditioned.
The climate of Nanda Devi National Park is distinct due to the fact that it is located on a high altitude area. The region is under snow cover for a period of six months every year. During the other part of the year, the climatic condition in the park is dry and heavy rainfall is received. This is between the months of June and August. The period between the months of April and June is characterized by a slight rise in temperature. The most appropriate time to tour this park is between the months of April and October. The period between the months of June and August is not suitable due to the heavy rainfall. From the month of July to the month of August, the plants are in full blossom and it will be the most suitable time to visit the Valley of Flowers National Park. However, the park remains open for a period of six months from 1st May to 31st October.
The Nanda Devi National Park is accessible using all the main means of transport including air, rail and road means of transport. With regards to the air transport, the closest airport is situated in Jolly Grant next to Dehradun. The distance from this airport to the park is estimated to be two hundred and twenty one kilometers. The closest railheads from the park are Kathgodam railway station and the Rishikesh railway station. The Rishikesh railway station is at a distance of two hundred and fifty three kilometers from the park. The most convenient way to get to the Nanda Devi National Park is by road. The city of Chamoli which is on NH NO.58 is sufficiently linked to other cities like: Haridwar, Dehradun, Nanital Almora and Rishikesh by road. Buses are available to all the major destinations of Uttarakhand Joshimath from Gopeshwar.